Arabic Alphabet Hamza
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Hamza in the Arabic (ء): Know Everything

If you want to learn the Arabic language and alphabet, there is no better website than On this site, you will find a wide range of resources to help you learn, including lessons on the Arabic Letter Hamza. With these lessons, you will be able to quickly and easily learn how to read and write this important letter.

Arabic Alphabet Hamza

Hamza in the Arabic

  • Type – Extra
  • Alphabetical Order – 29th.
  • Contextual forms – two.
  • Pronounce English letter like – hamza. 

Hamza is an Arabic alphabet letter which is derived from the Arabic letter Ayn (ع) and represents the glottal stop. 

Hamza does not include 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet but some authors consider the 29th or last letter of arabic alphabet. 

أ ب  ت  ث  ج  ح  خ

د  ذ  ر  ز س  ش ص

ض ط ظ ع غ  ف ق

ك  ل  م  ن  هـ  و  ي

In modern Arabic, hamza may also appear above the letter , below the letter and in the same line. Hamza mainly appears five forms

  • Alif Hamzah
  • Wāw Hamzah
  • Yāʾ Hamzah
  • Alif Maddah
  • Tāʾ Marbūṭah
  • Alif Maqṣūrah

Alif Hamzah

    أ‎    ـأ‎    ـأ‎    أ‎

    إ‎    ـإ‎    ـإ‎    إ

Wāw Hamzah

    ؤ‎    ـؤ‎    ـؤ‎    ؤ

Yāʾ Hamzah

ئ‎    ـئ‎    ـئـ‎    ئـ

Alif Maddah

ـآ    آ

Tāʾ Marbūṭah

ـة    ة

Alif Maqṣūrah



How to Write Arabic Letters Hamza?

The Arabic alphabet doesn’t have upper or lowercase letters, like we see in the Latin alphabet letters. but the letters are combing when writing a word. However, each arabic letter can be written in Contextual forms.

The arabic letters of words are written and read from right to left, horizontally. 

How to Pronounce Letter Hamza

ء ⬅️  ھمزہ

The letter Hamza comes from the bottom of the throat from the vocals. Try to make the sound of this letter soft. Letter Hamza mainly 3 sounds –

  • E – مَاءْ (Ma’e) 
  • aa – اَلْأَرْبِعَاءْ (Al Arbiaa) 
  • Ee – رئيس (Raees). 

You Must Know About Arabic Alphabet Letters

  • The Arabic alphabet has 28 letters but some author include ء hamza as a letter then counting will be 29.
  • In Arabic Letters have only 3 vowels namely – (و،ا،ي) but ي and و which can be both consonants and vowels while Alif (،ا،) is only pure vowel.
  • In Arabic Alphabet, no capital and small letters.

Conclusion Points 

The Arabic name Hamza is derived from the Arabic word hamzah, meaning “to be firm” or “to be strong.” The name is most likely of Semitic origin, though it is also found in Persian and Turkish. The name Hamza is common among Arabs, Turks, and Persians.

The Arabic letter hamza (h) (hamza from now on) is commonly counted as a letter in the alphabet, except that it behaves very differently from all other letters.

In Arabic, it typically indicates a glottal stop, the transparent consonant that precedes any vowel that you would find to be a vowel. While pronouncing the word  uh-oh , for instance, your voice cracks slightly.


Question – Where can I find an Arabic alphabet chart In The USA?

Answer – In order to ascertain the availability of an Arabic alphabet chart in the United States, one must first examine the various resources endemic to the region. 

It is likely that such a chart could be located in an educational institution, particularly one with a focus on language learning, or within a library or bookstore. 

Additionally, online resources are often reliable for locating this type of material due to the expansive nature of digital spaces and the relative ease of access.

Question – How does this website help American kids learn Arabic?

Answer – This website provides a unique opportunity for American kids to engage in an immersive learning environment which facilitates the acquisition of Arabic language skills. 

The breadth and depth of resources available on this website allow for an individualized approach to learning, wherein users can select content that is tailored to their specific interests and needs. 

Furthermore, the interactive activities incorporated into this platform enable students to apply newly acquired knowledge and practice their Arabic speaking and writing skills in a manner which is beneficial to their overall language development.

Question – How to write hamza in Arabic keyboard?

Answer – In order to input the Arabic script character ‘Hamza’ (ء) into a keyboard, one must first install an Arabic language-specific keyboard layout. 

Once installed, the user can then access the Hamza character via a combination of keystrokes that may vary depending on which type of layout is installed. 

For example, if utilizing an Arabic phonetic keymap, typing the apostrophe-like keystroke followed by the letter ‘a’ should provide access to this character.

Question – What is the purpose of hamza in the Arabic words?

Answer – The purpose of hamza in the Arabic words is to serve as a phonemic marker, which can be used for various functions. 

Specifically, it acts as an indicator of glottalization, distinguishing between two forms of what would otherwise be identical consonants. 

For instance, when hamza is present in the middle of a word, it functions to distinguish between two homorganic consonants.

Hamza represents a glottal stop in Arabic, which can drastically change the meaning of words. Although it may seem complicated to many native English speakers, with a bit of practice the concept can be easily understood.

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