Why the Fifth Arabic Letter ج is causing so much Confusion

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5th arabic letter

The Arabic letter jīm (ج) is causing a lot of confusion for non-native speakers of the language. Many people are not sure how to pronounce it or when to use it. In this article, we will discuss the pronunciation and usage of the letter jīm in Arabic.

Fifth Arabic Alphabet Letter Full Details Here 

It is a voiced palatal affricate, and is pronounced like the “j” in “jam”. The letter is used in several words, including “jihad” (holy war), “jinn” (a spirit), and “jordan” (a country).

The letter is written in several ways depending on its position in the word. In isolated form, it is written as a single dot above the line. In the middle of a word, it is written with a short vertical stroke on the left side of the letter. And at the end of a word, it is written as a long horizontal line.

The letter jim has four distinct shapes: initial, medial, final, and initial.

final medial initial  isolerad

ـﺞ    ـﺠـ    ﺟـ   

Isolated form (ﺝ) 

When jim stands alone at the end of words (following the right joining letter), an isolated form will be used. When there is no letter preceding or following it and no letter to connect it to, this function will be used.

  • Examples – ﻋَﺎﺝ

Initial form (ﺟـ) 

The initial vowel form (can sometimes be found in the middle of words and at the end of the previous word if the next letter cups it)  serves as the initial at the beginning of words and in the middle of the words, if the preceding letter is sufficient to connect.

  • Examples – ﺟَﻤَﻞ

Medial form (ـﺠـ) 

Where there is correspondence in a sentence, the medial form is known as the connector between words (if the first letter does not have to be plugged into the existing word). In other words, when there is a letter before connected to and there is a corresponding letter afterward.

  • Examples – ﺿَﺠَﺮ

Final Form (ـﺞ) 

The final form (if there is the letter before but no letter after it) is used as the endword of complementing words. In other words, after learning a final form (if the letter before is not present, and the succeeding letter is not it), identifying that is the ending of the sentence.

  • Examples –  ﺛَﻠﺞ

Table Description -> A – Serial Number, B – Isolated Form, C – Trans-literation, D – Letter name, E – Letter Name In Arabic Script.

5 ج j jīm جِيم

Table Description -> A – Serial Number, B – Isolated Form, C – Trans-literation, D – Letter name, E – Letter Name In Arabic Script.

1 ا ā ʾalif أَلِف
2 ب b bāʾ بَاء
3 ت t tāʾ تَاء
4 ث th thāʾ ثَاء
5 ج j jīm جِيم
6 ح ḥāʾ حَاء
7 خ kh khāʾ خَاء
8 د d dāl دَال
9 ذ dh dhāl ذَال
10 ر r rāʾ رَاء
11 ز z zāy زَاي
12 س s sīn سِين
13 ش sh shīn شِين
14 ص ṣād صَاد
15 ض ḍād ضَاد
16 ط ṭāʾ طَاء
17 ظ ẓāʾ ظَاء
18 ع ʿ ayn عَيْن
19 غ gh ghayn غَيْن
20 ف f fāʾ فَاء
21 ق q qāf قَاف
22 ك k kāf كَاف
23 ل l lām لاَم
24 م m mīm مِيم
25 ن n nūn نُون
26 ه h hāʾ هَاء
27 و w wāw وَاو
28 ي y yāʾ يَاء

Conclusion Points

In conclusion, the Arabic letter ya is quite similar to the English j, such as in the word ‘jump’. Its pronunciation is also similar, making it a relatively easy letter for English speakers to learn. 

Additionally, ya is a very versatile letter that has a wide range of uses in the Arabic language. For all of these reasons, it is definitely worth taking the time to learn this letter and its various applications.